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Lung conditions - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - Better Health Channel -open

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the collective term for a number of lung diseases that prevent the lungs from breathing properly. Two of the most common types of COPD are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Cigarette smokers are most at risk.


Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) - Better Health Channel -open

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare lung disease that affects women during their reproductive years. Abnormal tissue growth in the lungs causes cysts, which lead to breathing problems. Other affected organs may include the kidneys, uterus and lymphatic system. LAM may occur sporadically (sLAM) or in association with the genetic disease tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).


Sarcoidosis - Better Health Channel -open

Sarcoidosis is a condition in which abnormal nodules, called sarcoid granulomas, appear in the body's tissues. The lungs are most commonly affected. Most people get better within one to three years, and may not need any medical treatment other than close observation by their doctor.


Emphysema explained - Better Health Channel -open

Emphysema is a type of lung disease characterised by shortness of breath. Many people with emphysema also have chronic bronchitis. Most cases of emphysema are caused by cigarette smoking or long-term exposure to certain industrial pollutants or dust. Complications of emphysema can include pneumonia, collapsed lung and heart problems.


Whooping cough - Better Health Channel -open

Whooping cough (pertussis) is a serious, contagious respiratory infection caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. It is particularly serious in young children. One in every 200 babies who contract the infection will die. Whooping cough can be prevented by immunisation.